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Are you interested in this item?This item is up for auction at Catawiki. Please click on "respond to advert" (orange button) to get redirected to the Catawiki website. Catawiki’s goal is to make special objects universally available. Our weekly auctions feature thousands of unusual, rare, and exceptional objects you won’t find in just any store. With the profile of a woman in classical dress.Monogrammed I.C. and N to the underside of the foot; partially gilt and grisaille painted enamel on metal (probably copper). Height 13 cm.Provenance: Collection Earl of Rosebery / Baron Mayer de Rothschild, Mentmore Towers, Buckinghamshire, England. Sold by Sotheby’s Parke Bennet, Mentmore - Works of Art & Silver - Volume II, 1977, lot 1147.Purchased at VanderVen Antiquairs Den Bosch, 1977.Private collection in the Netherlands and thence by descent to the present owner.Painted enamels from Limoges were considered luxury items in the 16th and early 17th centuries and their ownership was largely the preserve of the nobility. Although utilitarian in design, an object such as the present salt would not have been used at the table but exhibited in Kunstkammer displays as a symbol of the owner’s wealth and sophistication. The present salt cellar is painted with an armorial shield belonging to the Rouveyre family of Dauphiné (France) and was probably made in commission.On the underside of the foot, the salt cellar bears the monogram I.C., indicating that it was produced by the eponymous enamelling workshop in Limoges. The identity of this maker’s mark has long been the subject of debate in scholarship and still remains partially unresolved. Traditionally associated with the name of Jean de Court, the mark is currently thought to have been used by a major workshop which operated for several decades, from the mid 16th to the early 17th century, and which seems to have been led by successive enamellers with the name of Jean de Court. With its distinctive shape and decorative grisaille (monochromatic painting in shades of gray) scheme, this salt cellar is indeed a characteristic product of the Master I.C. workshop. Several examples of this rare object type are found in collections, all following the same basic decorative scheme. The damaged salt at the Louvre (Inv. No. R263, see image) is most similar to the present one: the profile of a woman in classical dress in the receptacle, the mythological god-like figures on the bowl and putti frolicking amongst various animals on the foot (see images). Another similar grisaille salt cellar of this shape is housed in Braunschweig, likewise depicting putti and beasts, whilst showing the profile of a man in classical armour in its receptacle (Inv. No. Lim138).Works signed I.C. exist in several major collections of Limoges enamels including in the already mentioned Musée du Louvre, in the Herzog-Anton-Ulrich Museum in Braunschweig, and in the the Wallace Collection in London and in the Frick Collection in New York. These vary from objects painted in grisaille, usually dated to the second half of the 16th century, to those that use polychromy and are thought to be of a slightly later date.Literature: Sotheby’s Catalogue, Treasures, London, July 2015, lot 6.S. Baratte, Les Émaux peints de Limoges, cat. Musée du Louvre, Paris, 2000, pp. 317-361I. Münsch, Maleremails des 16. Und 17. Jahrhunderts aus Limoges, cat. Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig, 2002, pp. 223-234V. & H.V. Rollands, Illustrations to the Armorial Général, P. I CC 1.Condition:Overall the condition of the salt is good, with minor dirt and wear to the surface consistent with age. Overall with very small retouched losses to the surface. There are a few areas of restoration: the white rim of the receptacle and the white band on the stem with visible overpainting. Minor hairline crack to the top of the receptacle. The foot with a restored chip of circa 4,5 cm. The translucent enamel inside the foot has a cloudy appearance, so does the coat of arms. There is very minor stable splitting to the enamelling in a few areas, all consistent with the material. The salt has a small cut-in hole below the rim of the receptacle; this would have functioned as air vent during firing. All restorations have been executed prior to 1977.The 1977 VanderVen Antiquairs valuation report is available and seen by the Catawiki expert. It will be included with the object.VIEWING: private viewing of the salt cellar is possible upon request, please contact the expert in charge.SHIPPING: please note that the shipping costs mentioned are an indication and that special, insured, track & trace shipping for this item is required. Shipping in consultation with the seller and on account of the buyer.Upon request, item can also be collected in Schiedam, the Netherlands. 17975703

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